In 2009 the number of employees in organizations of all forms of ownership (excluding individual enterprises) totaled 386 thousand, or an estimated 81% of total employment in the economy. In the composition of the population employed in the economy women accounted for 49%. In the fields of health, education, culture and arts, non-production of public services, trade and catering proportion of women is up to 70%.
Main activities which involved foreign workers are oil and gas extraction, logging, construction, transport and trade.
The system of social partnership in the Republic of Komi is represented by:
The Republican Tripartite Commission on regulation of social and labor relations;
The municipal tripartite commissions on regulation of social-labor relations established in all 20 cities and regions of the Republic of Komi;
Regional Agreement on Socio-Economic Issues between the Government of the Republic of Komi, the Federation of Trade Unions of the Republic of Komi and the Union of industrialists, entrepreneurs and employers of the Republic of Komi in 2010 - 2011 years;
The territorial tripartite agreements on socio-economic issues, concluded in all 20 cities and districts of the Republic of Komi;
6 regional sectoral agreements, including the following: in the road sector, construction and building materials industry, housing and communal services, education, health and the penitentiary system;
9 Territorial sectoral agreements, of which: education - 6, culture - 2, the coal industry - 1;
637 collective agreements in effect which covers about 45% of workers in enterprises, organizations and institutions of the Republic of Komi.
Conditions and labor safety.
Along with the federal law the issues of labor safety in the republic are regulated by the law of the Republic of Komi "On some questions of labor safety in the Republic of Komi”, as well as the decrees and orders of the Government of the Republic of Komi, taken in the development of the mentioned above law.
The set of actions taken by the authorities of the Republic of Komi let possible to preserve the republic in a positive downward trend in overall industrial accidents. In the period since 2001 reducing the absolute number of victims in the workplace ranged from 5 to 23% per year. The coefficient of the total frequency of injuries per 1000 employees (relative index of total injuries) decreased from 10,6 to 3,9,or 63,2% from 2001 to 2008. By the pace of decline of this index the republic is ahead of other regions of North-West Federal District.
According to the State Labor Inspectorate in the Republic of Komi the level of fatal accidents at work decreased by 17,9% (from 39 in 2008 to 32 persons in 2009).
The estimated resident population of the Republic of Komi on January 1, 2010 amounted to 951.1 thousand people.
The demographic situation in 2009 compared with the previous year was characterized by a decrease of 43,0% natural loss of population and 22,4% migratory population decline. The population increase is due to natural population growth in number of births at 1.3%, and reduced number of deaths per 0,7%. In 2009 149 babies were born that is 1.3% more than in 2008, the number of deaths dropped by 88 people (0.7%), while the number of baby deaths under 1 year old decreased by 17 (22,1%). The birth rate was 12.4 babies per 1000 population, the mortality rate - 12,8 persons per 1000 population, infant mortality rate - 5.1 persons per 1000 live births.
Compared with 2008 the total number of departures from the Republic of Komi decreased by 9,9% (in 2306 persons), as a result of the migration outflow decreased by 22,4% (in 2044 persons).
Health care in the Republic of Komi is represented by agencies and organizations with different aims and objectives of the provision of medical care.
Depending on the goals and objectives the following health agencies and medical organizations work on the territory of the Republic:
1) agencies and organizations that directly provide medical aide to population: ambulatory-polyclinics, stationary-polyclinics, stationary health facilities, clinics, centers, resorts and others.
2) organizations engaged in, among other things, the oversight functions in the provision of medical care: territorial authorities Roszdravnadzor and Rospotrebnadzor in the Republic of Komi.
3) institutions and organizations engaged in providing the functions in health care: state and municipal (budget and insurance) pharmacy chain, health administration, including transport and logistics institutions and others.
There is currently a process of redistribution of the volume of medical care from hospitals to polyclinics and dispensaries.
On January 1, 2010 there were 55 state and municipal hospitals with 9304 around the clock and 567 day stay beds in the health care system of the republic. Availability of public hospital beds per 10 thousand inhabitants was 97.1.
On January 1, 2010 17 independent outpatient clinics for adults and children, 1 dispensary, providing only outpatient care and 40 outpatient units, comprising hospitals, 11 dispensaries with polyclinics, 6 dental clinics operated in the republic. The capacity of clinics to 10 thousand people was 295.4 visits per shift.
On the territory of the republic there are 32 hospital day stay at the hospital with the number of places 567, 78 day-care at outpatient clinics with the number of places in 1425, 25 hospitals at home with the number of beds 201.
Along with inpatient and outpatient hospitals residents of the republic receive an emergency medical care. On January 1, 2010 there were 2 emergency stations and 32 emergency departments. During 2009 the emergency ambulance service was provided to 371 thousand inhabitants of the republic.
In the Republic of Komi training of nurses and doctors is provided by Komi branch of the State educational institution of higher education The Kirov State Medical Academy, located in Syktyvkar and 3 state educational institutions of secondary vocational education: Syktyvkar Medical College named after I.P. Morozov, Vorkuta Medical College, Ukhta Medical College.
In Komi the network of educational institutions gives all citizens of the republic the right to pre-school, primary and secondary (full) general, primary vocational, secondary and higher vocational education.
On January 1, 2010 in the republic there were 560 educational institutions that implement the basic education curriculum of preschool education, including in the cities and settlements - 250 pre-school educational institutions, in rural areas - 310 institutions.
Number of children in preschool educational institutions by the beginning of the 2009-2010 academic year was 51.2 thousand people, including the cities and settlemets - 40,5 thousand people and in the rural area - 10,7 thousand people.
The modern system of preschool education is a multifunction network of general developmental purposes, care and rehabilitation, compensatory purpose, as well as combined pre-school education, child development centers.
The republic 20% of all pre-schools operate with a priority of one or more areas of child development, 9% of pre-school institutions have combined aims, 4% - children development centers and 3% - institutions compensatory purposes.
At the beginning of 2010 413 state and municipal educational institutions enrolled full-time 95,5 thousand students, in 12 educational institutions of evening classes - 3,1 thousand people.
In the 2009/2010 academic year a profile training is conducted in 69 general educational institutions (28% of students grades 10-11), a pre training is conducted in 143 general educational institutions of the republic (52% of the students of 9 grades).
Among the educational institutions, offering an expanded programs of training, there are 15 high schools and 10 lyceums where respectively, 6.82 and 3,015 thousand pupils are educated.
In 2009/2010 academic year in139 high schools transportation of 5178 pupils from nearby settlements was organized in the republic. In 37 boarding homes 605 pupils live.
In the Republic of Komi an initial vocational education is provided by 13 educational institutions of primary vocational education (on 1 January 2010 they enrolled 8,6 thousand people), and 7 educational establishments of secondary vocational education which train 2,8 thousand people.
In the 2009/2010 academic year 20 public and 2 private institutions of secondary vocational education (including 8 branches), attended by 17,1 thousand students (including branches - 0,9 thousand students) work in the Republic of Komi.
At 6 higher educational institutions and 18 branches operating in Komi in the 2009/2010 academic year 35.5 thousand people study.
The leading higher educational institutions in Komi are the Syktyvkar State University, Komi State Teachers Training Institute, Syktyvkar Forest Institute (a branch of the St. Petersburg Forest Technical Academy), Ukhta State Technical University.
In 4247 clubs in general and educational institutions of the republic 74,7 thousand children are engaged. Most children are involved in the associations of artistic creativity (24,6 thousand children) and sports (15,8 thousand children).
Social protection of population in Komi is carried out in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Komi "On social support in the Republic of Komi", "On the provision of government social services in the Republic of Komi", "On state guarantees of the Republic of Komi to families with children", "On state support of the child adoption"," On social services in the Republic of Komi”.
In accordance with the Law of the Republic of Komi from November 12, 2004 № 55-P3 "On social support of the population in the Republic of Komi" measures of social support to certain categories of citizens of the republic are provided.
In the Republic of Komi the federal and regional registers of citizens eligible for social support measures are composed. As of January 1, 2010 the Federal Register included 91.0 thousand people and the Regional Register - 101,3 thousand people.
Social support measures related to the expenditure commitments of the Republic of Komi are provided by the Republican budget of the Republic of Komi:
Since 2008 in the Komi social support measures for payment of lodging and utilities are provided in cash for separate categories of citizens.
On January 1, 2010 in the Republic of Komi 202 foster families live which are bringing up 470 children.
In accordance with the Law of the Republic of Komi from December 31, 2004 № 84-P3 "On the social services in the Republic of Komi” a network of social services operates, including: 21 public institutions of the Republic of Komi - Centre for the delivery of public services in social welfare, 6 rehabilitation centers for persons with disabilities, 2 rehabilitation centers for persons with no fixed abode and occupation, 16 of stationary facilities for children and adults with disabilities, 13 centers for social assistance to families and children, 20 specialized institutions for minors.
Social service agencies provide services to the population included in the guaranteed and additional lists of social services (social and family, socio-medical, legal, socio-psychological, social rehabilitation). Social services are provided to various categories of citizens who need these services, according to the norms of legislation on social services.
Culture and Art.
The Republic of Komi as at 1st of January 2010 has a developed network of cultural and art institutions, including: 5 theaters, a philharmonic society, 369 libraries, 395 cultural institutions and leisure type, 104 movies, including 16 urban and 88 rural, 12 of them cinemas, 20 museums. 49 institutions of supplementary education, 3 secondary special schools function.
The main theater and concert organizations in Komi are: The State Opera and Ballet Theatre of the Republic of Komi; The State V.Savin Drama Theatre of the Republic of Komi; The National Musical Drama Theatre of the Republic of Komi; Vorkuta State Drama Theatre; Komi Republic Philharmonic Hall.
Of the 369 public libraries 274 are located in the countryside, 4 libraries are of republican importance: The National Library of the Republic of Komi, The Republic of Komi Youth Library, National Library for Children of the Republic of Komi named after S. Marshak, Komi Republican Special Library for the Blind. In 2009 library services reached 45,0% of the population (438.4 thousand). The volume of electronic data composes 1073.5 thousand records.
In Komi there are 20 museums, including 2 museums of republican importance: National Gallery of the Republic of Komi and the National Museum of the Republic of Komi. 10 museums are located in urban areas, 10 - in rural areas. Of all the museums 17 are devoted to local history, by 1 to art, memorial and theater.
The main fund of the state and municipal museums in early 2010 has 589,299 items, There is a database of museum objects restoration.
The country crafts: carving and painting on wood, artistic processing of birch bark, braiding (the vine, the root), weaving, fancy knitting, lace making, processing of clay, leather, fur, embroidery, folk dolls.
In 2009 in total in Komi there were 1,355 cultural heritage sites. 397 objects are under state protection, of which 71 are of federal importance. 904 objects are identified as cultural heritage, most of them are archaeological monuments (880 units) and 54 are properties with signs of cultural heritage.
Training of qualified specialists with secondary professional education in the field of culture and art is carried out in secondary vocational schools: the College of Arts of the Republic of Komi, Komi Republic College of Culture named after V.T.Chistalev, Vorkuta College of Music.
In 2009 in the Ministry of Culture of Republic of Komi there were 49 municipal educational institutions of additional education of children which were attended by 8341 pupils and they employed 732 teachers.
Physical Culture and Sports.
On January 1, 2010 in the Republic of Komi there were 2128 sports facilities. Of these, 733 - playgrounds and fields, 787 - gyms. The number of pools at the beginning of 2010 was 37, stadiums - 8, ski centers - 114.
The number involved in sports and fitness clubs and groups is 191 thousand people (20,1% of the total population of the republic).
Physical culture activities are managed by 2,060 full-time athletic staff, including 916 people with higher professional education.
The training of specialists for sports, physical culture and tourism in the Republic of Komi is made in Syktyvkar State University, Institute of Physical Culture, Sport and Tourism at the Ukhta State Technical University, Syktyvkar Teachers Training College.
In 2009 in the republic 155 national competitions (Cups, Championships) on sports and 34 events nationwide level were held. Joint teams of the Republic of Komi left the republic 176 times to participate in the All-Russian competitions.
In 2009 tourism activity was represented by 66 travel companies which were mainly focused on outbound tourism.
Travel companies sold 18640 tours that on 24,7% more than in 2008.
In the area of domestic and in-move tourism 2009 was marked the dynamics of the industry which is characterized by the growth of tourism services to the population, increasing consumer interest in tourism products and attractions of the Republic of Komi.
In addition 2009 laid the revitalization of domestic and in-move tourism in the Republic of Komi. The previously existing factors hampering the development of this area were overcome: the development of inter-sectoral collaboration; promotion of tourism brands and training professionals in the field of domestic tourism; increase in the number of events aimed at raising awareness of the citizens of the Russian Federation on the existing tourism products in the Republic of Komi.
Decree of the Komi Government from November 27, 2009 № 344 approved the target of a national program "Development of inbound and outbound tourism in the territory of the Republic of Komi (2010-2012)" which aims in establishment of legal, organizational, managerial and economic environment, developing inbound and outbound tourism in the Republic of Komi.
Currently there is intensification of domestic tourism destinations. Ethnographic, environmental, cognitive and rural tours are successfully sold. The weathering poles ("Stone boobs") on the plateau Manpupuner (Troitsko-Pechorsk region), recognized in 2008 as a "miracle of Russia” are of particular interest to tourists.
The projects of domestic tourism "Finno-Ugric Ethnocultural Park", "Guest tourist village in Yaksha" (Troitsko-Pechorsk region), "Scarlet Ribbon of Priluzye” (Priluzsky region)," Guest House "(Ust-Tsilma region) are under development.