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Антитеррористическая комиссия Республики Коми

Президент Российской Федерации

Правительство Российской Федерации

Совет Федерации Федерального Собрания РФ

Государственная Дума Федерального Собрания РФ

Сервер органов государственной власти Российской Федерации

Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации



INDUSTRY AND ENERGY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KOMI

Oil Industry

In the Komi Republic, out of 152 hydrocarbon fields, listed on the State's balance sheet, oil and gas is produced at 87 fields; 65 of them are in commercial operation and 22 - in experimental-industrial exploitation. In addition, the Komi businesses are developing 14 fields in the Nenets Autonomous District.

The largest volume of oil is contained in the fields of the Pechora-Kolva Oil and Gas Area (40%). The most developed oil resources are in the Pechora-Kolva Oil and Gas Field, the least developed – in the North PreUral Oil and Gas Province

Most of the producing fields on reserves are classified as medium or small. Approximately, 70% of the oil reserves are classified as hard-to-oil.

Large deposits that provide the bulk of oil production are characterized by a high degree of depletion of stocks.

The bulk of oil production in the republic is made by LUKOIL-Komi (68.9% of the total production) and RN - Northern Oil (9.3%).

The center of oil production in the republic is the Usinsk area; in 2009, its share of the total oil production amounted to 63.4% (8.5 mln tons), followed by the Pechora District – 15.8% (2.1 mln tons) and Sosnogorsk District produced 1.2 mln tons (9.1%).

Further growth in oil production is possible with the use of innovative technologies for the development of deposits of extra-heavy oil and Yarega and Usinsk deposits.

 

Key indicators

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Oil production, incl. gas condensate, in Komi, mln tons

9.2

9.6

9.9

10.3

11.2

11.6

12.3

13.4

13.4

 

Refining industry

The development of oil refining in the republic is due to the presence of extensive market for petroleum products.

The main oil refinery is LUKOIL-Ukhta Oil Refining. The company specializes in producing gasoline, diesel fuel, aviation kerosene, fuel oil, bitumen, vacuum gas, oil and other products.

The production capacity of existing units for primary distillation is 4.5 mln tons per year. The depth of refining is 80.6%.

 

Key indicators

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Refined oil, thous. tons

3,572

3,691

3,683

2,984

3,488

3,646

4,213

3,885

4,320

Motor gasoline, thous. tons

349.2

363.3

353.3

294.8

335.0

328.9

377.6

323.3

412.6

Diesel fuel, thous. tons

848.1

919.1

942.9

786.7

933.2

969.0

1,154.1

1,046.6

1,161.9

Fuel oil, thous. tons

1,430.8

1,076.0

1,021.5

886.0

972.6

858.3

1,009.5

660.2

812.0

 

Natural gas industry

Major industrial stocks of free gas are on the balance of LLC Gazprom Recycling (a structural unit of OJSC Gazprom), which carries out the extraction and processing of gas.

The share of Vuktyl Condensate Field is 84.1% of the total production of gas in the republic. The field is being transferred to storage mode control.

Sosnogorsk Gas Refinery (a structural unit of Gazprom Recycling) is the only one in the North-Western Federal District, now on complex processing of natural gas condensate and volatile.

The annual productivity of Sosnogorsk Gas Refinery for gas feedstock is 3 bln cu m. m, unstable condensate – 1.25 million tons.

The basic products include carbon black, motor gasoline, liquefied gas, stable gas condensate, gas stabilization, dry gas.

In 2003, Sosnogorsk Gas Refinery was the first company in the republic that certified its products for the system of international quality standards; the company shipped its products to many countries in the world.

 

Key indicators

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Natural gas production in Komi, mln cu m

3,797.5

3,459.4

3,508.9

3,393.9

3,467.2

3,430.5

3,423.7

3,425.1

3,218.7

Dry gas, mln cu m

1,066

1,130

1,036

1,073

2,207

2,358

2,429

2,470

2,461

Stable gas condensate, thous. tons

255.8

245.9

221.1

238.3

277.8

259.8

248.2

204.3

180.6

 

Coalmining
The Pechora Coal Basin is located in the extreme north-east of European Russia in the Komi Republic and Nenets Autonomous District of Arkhangelsk region. Much of the basin is located north of the Arctic Circle. The length of the basin from the north-east to south-west is 400 km at maximum width of 300 km. The area of the Basin is 100,000 sq km.

Coal is produced in the Pechora Coal Basin at 6 mines assigned to a group perspective, and in one section. The total production capacity is 14 mln tons of coal per annum, including coking – 10.5 mln tons.

The reserves of coal make it possible to work it out for more 20 - 35 years with the installed capacity.
Underground coal mining is carried out in the mines of JSC Vorkutaugol, LLC Red Clause Inta Coal Company, JSC Vorgashor Mine-2, and opencast coalmining - in the Yunyaga Coal Mine.

Virtually all the coal mined in the basin is subject to conversion (preparation) at preparation and concentration plants.

 

Key indicators

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Coalmining, thous. tons

18,777

12,891

13,504

14,665

12,936

14,011

12,831

12,891

11,767

Coal concentrate, thous. tons

5,508

4,717

4,431

6,132

5,360

5,745

5,002

5,015

4,999

 

Ore mining  

The ore mining in the republic is made by such mining companies as  JSC Timan Bauxite (bauxite ore mining in Knyazhpogost District; CJSC Hoylin Mining and Concentration Complex (production and concentration of barite ore in Vorkuta Industrial Area); Inta Branch of OJSC Komi Manganese (production of manganese ore in Inta Industrial Area - the mine field is temporarily closed); ZAO Kozhim Exploratory and Mining Venture (mining of vein quartz and production of concentrate in the Inta Industrial Area).

All the consumers of the mining products are located outside the republic. Barite concentrate in small quantities is sold in the Republic of Komi (Usinsk, Inta, Pechora, Ukhta).

 

Key indicators

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Mining of bauxite ore mining, % of the previous yar

127.0

110.0

135.0

150.0

137.0

118.0

80.0

101.0

100.3

Extraction of crushed basalt, thous. cu m

0

0

68.7

31.4

22.6

0

0

0

0

Mining of manganese ore, thous. tons

36.4

0

41.6

2.9

0

0

0

0

0

Production of barite concentrate, thous. tons

0

0.98

13.9

15.6

1.8

6.5

6.2

0

0

Extraction of vein quartz, thous. tons

1,6

1,0

4,2

3,2

3,1

2,6

0,8

2,1

1,6

 

Timber complex 

The Komi timber sector includes logging, woodworking and pulp and paper companies.
Timber harvesting is concentrated in the basins of Vychegda, Sysola and Mezen rivers. The main logging areas in Komi are Udor, Koygorodsky, Ust-Kulom, Kortkerossky, Priluzje, Syktyvdinsk and Sysolsk Districts.

The extent of forest resources in the Republic of Komi exceeds 2.8 bln cu m. The reserves of coniferous plantation are 2.357 bln cu m, deciduous - 0.489 bln cu m. 

The enlarged assortment composition of old growth stands at 38% of sawlogs and veneer logs and 52% - pulpwood and 10% - wood for technological needs and fuel wood.

The total approved allowable on the country is 30.2 mln cu m. p.a., the actual amount of harvested timber is 7.4 mln cu m. The annual allowable cut is 25.2%, in remote forestry companies - up to 10%.

An access to forest exploitation of the forest stock is based on lease agreements for up to 49 years. Forest users (tenants) have been transferred 171 wood lots on the area of 6.2 mln ha with annual outturn on the land leased of more than 13.5 mln cu m.

The amount of assortment logging (using high capacity multi-operational machines) is 3.24 mln cu m for large or medium-sized companies or more than 78% of the total logging by large or medium-sized companies.

As of 1 January 2010, timber production is distressed due to high depreciation of the capital assets, low productivity and unstable dynamics of production volumes resulting from an imbalance between supply and demand or transportation restrictions.

Logging is limited by the raw wood market capacity as well as by low economic availability of the forest resources (the lack of a developed network of roads) of around 6.5 – 8.0 mln cu m of wood.

The major logging companies include LLC Finleskom (a subsidiary of Mondi Syktyvkar that makes about 70% of total procurement), and LLC Luzales.

 

Key indicators

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Export of wood, thous. dense cu m

6,224.1

5,432.7

6,062.9

6,317.8

6,018.1

5,684.5

6,235.2

5,751.2

5,726.3

Production of industrial wood, thous. dense cu m

5,203.0

4,693.4

5,046.9

5,351.0

5,115.6

5,010.4

5,500.4

5,104.6

5,211.9

 

Wood production  

The wood production sector of the republic includes companies engaged in sawmilling, production of plywood, fiberboard and chipboard panels, MDF boards, wooden building structures, including joinery, and wooden containers.

In 2003 – 2007, the Komi board factories underwent production modernization and technical re-equipment aimed at developing more high-quality and competitive products: slabs, MDF and chipboards, laminated plywood, large plywood and soft fiberboard. In 2008-2009, the saw mills were modernized, which allowed increasing output and the quality of timber, and using low-quality small-diameter timber.
The major companies include LLC Syktyvkar Plywood Mill (Syktyvkar), JSC "Zheshart Plywood Mill (Ust-Vym District), LLC Fiberboard Mill (Knyazhpogost District, OJSC Mondi Syktyvkar Forest Wood-Processing Mill (Syktyvkar).

 

Key indicators

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Lumber, thous. cu m

692.8

598.0

637.6

676.4

743.0

761.4

931.2

783.3

726.2

Plywood, thous. cu m

198.6

221.3

249.2

276.5

322.0

324.3

326.2

282.1

230.1

Chipboards, mln cond. sq. m

22.2

20.1

20.0

25.7

27.6

28.6

28.1

30.2

16.3

incl. MDF boards, thous. cond. sq m

-

-

0.3

3.6

4.0

4.7

4.7

4.3

3.2

Chipboards, thous. cond. sq m

215.6

258.2

295.1

305.5

273.2

379.3

410.6

390.4

279.3

 

Pulp and paper

OJSC Mondi Syktyvkar, a leading company in pulp and paper, is among the Russia’s largest producers of pulp and paper products.

Since 2007, Mondi Syktyvkar is implementing an investment project on development and modernization of wood processing infrastructure in order to improve the quality of pulp, efficiency of primary production for better use of raw products, energy and chemicals, reducing the negative impact of business on the environment. The project will increase the basic rates of production of the company: the use of wood by 1.1 mln cu m per annum, production of cellulose up to 200,000 tons per year, production of paper, paperboard and market pulp by 175,000 tons per year, electricity generation by 80 MW.

The mill incorporates its own wood preparation operation, a pulp mill producing about 580,000 tons of pulp a year, a paper and paperboard shop, CHP and a set of sewage treatment plants. In 2009, OJSC Syktyvkar Tissue Group completed implementing the investment project titled “Reconstruction and expansion of sanitary products manufacture”. The project is expected to change production technology and increase production capacity and stimulate the manufacture of high quality products. As a result, production has been increased in kind to reach 306 mln conv. rolls of toilet paper and paper towels (3-fold). In 2010, there are plans to further technological adaptation and access to the operating mode of production. The company produces the following products: rolled toilet paper, rolled paper towels, paper napkins, face handkerchiefs and napkins.

The share of exports in total output is: on lumber – 72.1%, plywood - 77%, fiberboard – 25.7%, and paper products – 41.0%. The basic products include office and offset paper, newsprint, corrugated top-liner cardboard and Kraft liner.

 

Key indicators

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Cardboard, thous. tons

130.9

156.4

183.2

195.7

200.3

206.2

213.6

Paper, thous. tons

500.0

528.4

525.9

578.5

600.7

610.7

638.5

635.9

665.5

 

Engineering

Machine-building in Komi includes 359 enterprises of different ownership forms, including economic activities: manufacture of fabricated metal products - 90 companies, production machinery and equipment - 181 enterprise, production of electrical and optical equipment - 88 companies.
Among the well-operated businesses are CJSC Ukhta Experimental Mechanical Plant , Plant of High Electronic Components "Progress".

The share of machine-building in the industrial output of the republic accounts for about 1.0% of commercial products.

The market of engineering products in Komi is determined by a limited group of consumers: coal, oil and gas, forestry and building companies.

OJSC Vorkutaugol (Vorkuta Mechanical Plant), OJSC Intaugol Company (Inta Mechanical Repair Plant) manufacture coalmining equipment. OJSC Ukhta Mechanical Works manufactures construction tower cranes in the northern performance (6 versions), cranes loaders (10 versions), and equipment for the oil and gas sector, and mining conveyors. CJSC Ukhta Experimental Mechanical Plant produces heat exchange equipment and automation systems for heat recovery used in gas compressor stations, and storage tanks for water and oil. LLC Metal Building Plant manufactures building repair and mechanical workshops of any length spans, sandwich panels, electricity pylon, masts and metal forms for manufacture of concrete products. LLC High-Voltage Electronic Components Plant "Progress" manufactures high-voltage ceramic capacitors, varistors, and ceramic wiring products for various purposes, sonar systems, armor, body armor protection of the upper classes.
The requirements of the lumber sector in manufacture and repair of forest machinery and equipment are covered by JSC Zheshart Experimental Mechanical Plant, NPP "Lespromservis", LCC "SG" Lesokompleks, LLC Format Leasing, LLC Repair and Mechanical Plant, and JSC Mondi Syktyvkar.
In 2006-2007, a new operation for manufacture of pavilion module at Syktyvkar Mechanical Plant was put into commission.

Currently, production modernization and development of new sorts of competitive products is under way at most engineering plants.

 

Energy

The energy system of the Republic of Komi is a single, almost closed territorial complex, consisting of five energy unit: in Vorkuta, Inta, Pechora, Ukhta (Central) and South connected by the backbone single circuit transmission line of 220 kV over a length of 1,000 km.
As of 1 January 2010, the overall length of the power grids is: the main power lines - 1,600 km and the distribution power lines - 21,300 km. The electricity is transmitted to consumers in Komi by the branch of OJSC IDGC North-West "Komi Energy”.

The power system of the Republic of Komi (the Pechora Power Center) is excessive in energy output: a system reserve is around 40%. However, the republic’s southern power center is deficient. About 80% of the energy load is provided by the only 220 KV high-voltage line that extends between the Pechora TPP, Ukhta and Mikun.

The electricity generation in the republic is determined by its Only 5% of the power is transmitted beyond the republic, and 1% of the power comes from beyond the republic (from Kirov Region).
In 2009, the electricity production totaled 9.48 billion kWh, of which 94% accounted for the major generating companies: Pechora TPP, a branch of OGK-3; “Komi”, a branch of JSC TGC-9; and from the CHP of LLC Mondi Syktyvkar. 6% of the electricity is generated by the other captive power plants. The total capacity of the power plants is 2.5 mln KW.

Over 70% of electricity is generated by natural gas. Coal, fuel oil, diesel fuel, and waste wood are used as fuel.

Along with centralized power supply, the energy grid also provides electricity supply from district heating power plants and large boilers.

 

Key indicators

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Electricity, mln kw-hr

8,421.3

8,345.5

8,261.7

8,576.5

8,409.4

8,880.0

9,111.0

9,503.9

9,478.9

Heat, mln Gcal

20.1

21.7

21.1

21.4

20.0

20.6

19.4

19.5

19.2

 

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